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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)  

ý

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2004

OR

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                             to                              

Commission File Number 0-8360


IHOP CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  95-3038279
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

450 North Brand Boulevard,
Glendale, California
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

91203-1903
(Zip Code)

(818) 240-6055
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)


        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ý No  o

        Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Yes  ý No  o

        Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Class

Outstanding as of April 30, 2004
Common Stock, $.01 par value 21,407,040




IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX

 
   
  Page
PART I.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION    

 

 

Item 1—Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

    Consolidated Balance Sheets—March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2003

 

3

 

 

    Consolidated Statements of Income—Three Months Ended March 31, 2004
    and 2003

 

4

 

 

    Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—Three Months Ended March 31, 2004
    and 2003

 

5

 

 

    Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

6

 

 

Item 2—Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

9

 

 

Item 3—Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

19

 

 

Item 4—Controls and Procedures

 

19

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1—Legal Proceedings

 

20

 

 

Item 2—Changes in Securities, Use of Proceeds and Issuer Repurchases of Equity Securities

 

20

 

 

Item 3—Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

20

 

 

Item 4—Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

20

 

 

Item 5—Other Information

 

20

 

 

Item 6—Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K

 

21

 

 

    (a) Exhibits

 

21

 

 

    (b) Reports on Form 8-K

 

21

 

 

Signatures

 

22

2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share amounts)

 
  March 31,
2004

  December 31,
2003

 
 
  (Unaudited)

   
 
Assets              
Current assets              
  Cash and cash equivalents   $ 32,482   $ 27,996  
  Marketable securities     53,460     45,537  
  Receivables, net     46,622     47,116  
  Reacquired franchises and equipment held for sale, net     1,130     1,597  
  Inventories     456     556  
  Prepaid expenses     1,126     4,279  
   
 
 
    Total current assets     135,276     127,081  
   
 
 
Long-term receivables     351,429     354,036  
Property and equipment, net     311,317     314,221  
Reacquired franchises and equipment held for sale, net     6,405     9,153  
Excess of costs over net assets acquired     10,767     10,767  
Other assets     30,887     27,746  
   
 
 
    Total assets   $ 846,081   $ 843,004  
   
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity              
Current liabilities              
  Accounts payable   $ 13,830   $ 13,840  
  Accrued employee compensation and benefits     8,823     11,962  
  Other accrued expenses     12,815     8,924  
  Deferred income taxes     3,086     1,760  
  Current maturities of long-term debt     5,740     5,731  
  Current maturities of capital lease obligations     3,279     3,156  
   
 
 
    Total current liabilities     47,573     45,373  
   
 
 
Long-term debt, less current maturities     139,138     139,615  
Capital lease obligations, less current maturities     176,736     177,664  
Deferred income taxes     69,563     72,225  
Other liabilities     28,336     25,767  
Commitments and contingencies              
Stockholders' equity              
  Preferred stock, $1 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding          
  Common stock, $.01 par value, 40,000,000 shares authorized; March 31, 2004: 22,021,734 shares issued and 21,364,239 shares outstanding; December 31, 2003: 21,994,068 shares issued and 21,389,939 shares outstanding     220     220  
  Additional paid-in capital     106,295     104,661  
  Retained earnings     301,007     295,448  
  Deferred compensation     (145 )   (191 )
  Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (621 )   (545 )
  Treasury stock, at cost (657,495 shares and 604,129 shares at March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2003, respectively)     (22,296 )   (19,443 )
  Contribution to ESOP     275     2,210  
   
 
 
    Total stockholders' equity     384,735     382,360  
   
 
 
    Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 846,081   $ 843,004  
   
 
 

See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,

 
  2004
  2003
Revenues            
  Franchise revenues   $ 39,129   $ 33,786
  Rental income     32,392     28,314
  Company restaurant sales     10,555     19,674
  Financing revenues     9,808     12,217
   
 
    Total revenues     91,884     93,991
   
 
Costs and Expenses            
  Franchise expenses     18,298     15,401
  Rental expenses     23,420     19,985
  Company restaurant expenses     11,956     20,908
  Financing expenses     5,213     6,833
  General and administrative expenses     13,635     12,267
  Other expense, net     1,906     2,347
  Reorganization charges         6,709
   
 
    Total costs and expenses     74,428     84,450
   
 
Income before provision for income taxes     17,456     9,541
Provision for income taxes     6,546     3,578
   
 
Net Income   $ 10,910   $ 5,963
   
 
Net Income Per Share            
  Basic   $ 0.51   $ 0.28
   
 
  Diluted   $ 0.50   $ 0.28
   
 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding            
  Basic     21,406     21,313
   
 
  Diluted     21,613     21,443
   
 
Dividends Declared Per Share   $ 0.25   $ 0.25
   
 
Dividends Paid Per Share   $ 0.25   $
   
 

See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,

 
 
  2004
  2003
 
Cash flows from operating activities              
  Net income   $ 10,910   $ 5,963  
    Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows provided by operating activities              
      Depreciation and amortization     4,715     4,414  
      Reorganization charges         5,534  
      Deferred income taxes     (1,336 )   18  
      Contribution to ESOP     290     557  
      Tax benefit from stock options exercised     178     22  
      Changes in current assets and liabilities              
        Accounts receivable     (567 )   471  
        Inventories     100     (22 )
        Prepaid expenses     3,153     1,150  
        Accounts payable     (10 )   (8,315 )
        Accrued employee compensation and benefits     (3,139 )   1,108  
        Other accrued expenses     3,891     2,244  
      Other     2,077     178  
   
 
 
        Cash flows provided by operating activities     20,262     13,322  
   
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities              
  Additions to property and equipment     (4,326 )   (27,306 )
  Additions to long-term receivables     (377 )   (2,022 )
  Purchase of marketable securities, net     (7,923 )   (21,123 )
  Principal receipts from long-term receivables     5,727     3,489  
  Additions to reacquired franchises held for sale     (103 )   (447 )
   
 
 
        Cash flows used in investing activities     (7,002 )   (47,409 )
   
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities              
  Proceeds from sale and leaseback arrangements         1,619  
  Proceeds from sale of land and building     1,472      
  Repayment of long-term debt, including revolving line of credit     (468 )   (509 )
  Principal payments on capital lease obligations     (805 )   (558 )
  Dividends paid     (5,351 )    
  Purchase of treasury stock     (4,171 )    
  Proceeds from stock options exercised     549     189  
   
 
 
        Cash flows (used in) provided by financing activities     (8,774 )   741  
   
 
 
  Net change in cash and cash equivalents     4,486     (33,346 )
  Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     27,996     98,739  
   
 
 
  Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 32,482   $ 65,393  
   
 
 
Supplemental disclosures              
  Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized   $ 5,286   $ 4,585  
  Income taxes paid     25     30  
  Capital lease obligations incurred         1,052  

See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

        1.     General:    The accompanying consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2004 and 2003, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"). These financial statements have not been audited by our independent auditors but include all adjustments, consisting of normal, recurring accruals, which in the opinion of management of IHOP Corp. and Subsidiaries ("IHOP" or the "Company") are necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been omitted pursuant to requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). A description of our accounting policies and other financial information is included in our audited consolidated financial statements as filed with the SEC on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2003. We believe that the disclosures included in our accompanying interim financial statements and footnotes are adequate to make the information not misleading, but should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Form 10-K. The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2003 has been derived from our audited financial statements. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2004 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2004.

        2.     Reclassifications:    Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period information to conform to the current period presentation.

        3.     Presentation:    IHOP's fiscal quarter ends on the Sunday closest to the last day of each quarter. For convenience, we report all fiscal quarter endings on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31.

        4.     Segments:    In January 2003, we announced significant changes in the way the Company conducts business. These include a transition from Company-financed restaurant development to a more traditional franchise development model, in which franchisees finance and develop their new restaurants. As a result of the change in IHOP's business model, the Company has also changed the presentation of its segment information. IHOP identifies its operating segments based on the organizational units used by management to monitor performance and make operating decisions. The Franchise Operations segment includes restaurants operated by franchisees and area licensees in the United States and Canada. The Franchise Operations segment consists primarily of royalty revenues, sales of proprietary products, advertising fees and franchise fees. The Rental Operations segment consists of rental income and expense and direct financing lease interest income and capital lease interest expense on restaurants operated by franchisees. The Company Restaurant Operations segment includes Company-operated restaurants in the United States. The Financing Operations segment

6



consists of sales of franchises and equipment as well as interest income from the financing of franchise fee and equipment contract notes.

 
  Franchise
Operations

  Rental
Operations

  Company
Restaurant
Operations

  Financing
Operations

  General and
Administrative
and Other

  Consolidated
Total

 
  (In thousands)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2004                                    
Revenues from external customers   $ 39,129   $ 32,392   $ 10,555   $ 9,808   $   $ 91,884
Intercompany real estate charges         4,912     183         (5,095 )  
Depreciation and amortization         1,376     496         2,843     4,715
Interest expense         4,629     273     1,979         6,881
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes     20,831     5,184     (1,566 )   4,595     (11,588 )   17,456
Provision for income taxes                     6,546     6,546

Three Months Ended March 31, 2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Revenues from external customers   $ 33,786   $ 28,314   $ 19,674   $ 12,217   $   $ 93,991
Intercompany real estate charges         3,472     496         (3,968 )  
Depreciation and amortization         1,160     1,106         2,148     4,414
Interest expense         4,398     429     1,670         6,497
Reorganization charges                     6,709     6,709
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes     18,385     4,857     (1,591 )   5,384     (17,494 )   9,541
Provision for income taxes                     3,578     3,578

        5.     Stock Based Employee Compensation:    In accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123, "Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation," we have elected to account for our stock-based employee compensation plans under the intrinsic value method which requires compensation expense to be recorded only if, on the date of grant, the current market price of the Company's common stock exceeds the exercise price the employee must pay for the stock. The Company's policy is to grant stock options at the fair market value of the underlying stock at the date of grant. Had compensation expense for our stock option plans been determined based on the fair value at the grant date for awards through March 31, 2004 consistent with the provisions of SFAS No. 123, our after-tax net income and after-tax net income per share would have been reduced to the pro forma amounts indicated below (in thousands, except net income per share data):

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,

 
 
  2004
  2003
 
Net income, as reported   $ 10,910   $ 5,963  
Add stock-based compensation expense included in reported net income, net of tax     28     34  
Less stock-based compensation expense determined under the fair-value accounting method, net of tax     (424 )   (248 )
   
 
 
Net income, pro forma   $ 10,514   $ 5,749  
   
 
 
Net income per share—diluted, as reported   $ 0.50   $ 0.28  
Net income per share—diluted, pro forma   $ 0.49   $ 0.27  

        6.     New Accounting Pronouncements:    In January 2003, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued FIN 46, "Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities." FIN 46 establishes a new and far-reaching consolidation accounting model. Although FIN 46 was initially focused on special

7



purpose entities, the applicability of FIN 46 goes beyond such entities and can have applicability to franchise arrangements, regardless of whether the Company has voting or ownership control of the franchises. In response to a number of comment letters and implementation questions, in December 2003 the FASB issued FIN 46R, which delayed the effective date of FIN 46 for certain entities until March 31, 2004, and provided clarification regarding franchise considerations and other implementation issues.

        IHOP believes that it qualifies for the Scope Exception For Certain Enterprises That Are Unable To Obtain Information contained in FIN 46R. IHOP believes it has, and continues to make, exhaustive efforts to obtain sufficient information from its franchisees who may qualify as variable interest entities. However, IHOP does not currently have the information necessary to (a) determine whether the entity is a variable interest entity, (b) determine whether IHOP is the primary beneficiary, or (c) perform the accounting required to consolidate the entity.

        7.     Income Taxes:    The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") has proposed adjustments in connection with its examination of the Company's 2000 and 2001 federal income tax returns. The proposed adjustments would accelerate the tax years in which the Company reports initial franchise fee income for federal income tax purposes. If the IRS is successful, the Company would be required to report additional income for its 2000 tax year of approximately $45.2 million and additional income for its 2001 tax year of approximately $4.8 million. The Company's federal income tax liability with respect to the proposed adjustments, exclusive of interest, penalties and any related state tax liability would be approximately $15.8 million for 2000 and $1.7 million for 2001. The Company is currently contesting the proposed adjustments through IRS administrative proceedings. In addition, if the IRS is successful, the Company would report additional income for its 2002 and 2003 tax years. The Company estimates that its federal income tax liability with respect to such additional income, exclusive of interest, penalties and related state tax liability, would be approximately $2.0 million for each of 2002 and 2003.

        For the tax years under audit, and potentially for subsequent tax years, such proposed adjustments could result in material cash payments by the Company. The Company had previously recorded in its consolidated financial statements the expected federal and state deferred income tax liability. The proposed adjustments relate only to the timing of when the taxes are paid. Although the Company cannot determine at this time the resolution of this matter, we do not believe that the proposed adjustments, if upheld, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

8



Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Results of Operations

        The following table sets forth certain operating data for IHOP restaurants:

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,

 
 
  2004
  2003
 
 
  (Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Restaurant Data              
  Effective restaurants(a)              
    Franchise(b)     979     891  
    Company     41     76  
    Area license(b)     144     137  
   
 
 
      Total     1,164     1,104  
   
 
 
System-wide              
  Sales(c)   $ 465,315   $ 413,825  
    Percent increase     12.4 %   13.1 %
  Average sales per effective restaurant   $ 400   $ 375  
    Percent increase     6.7 %   4.5 %
  Same-store sales percentage change(d)     7.1 %   3.1 %

Franchise(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Sales   $ 411,558   $ 355,723  
    Percent increase     15.7 %   13.8 %
  Average sales per effective restaurant   $ 420   $ 399  
    Percent increase     5.3 %   3.6 %
  Same-store sales percentage change(d)     6.8 %   3.0 %

Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Sales   $ 10,555   $ 19,674  
    Percent (decrease) increase     (46.4 )%   10.6 %
  Average sales per effective restaurant   $ 257   $ 259  
    Percent (decrease) increase     (0.8 )%   7.9 %

Area License(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Sales   $ 43,202   $ 38,428  
    Percent increase     12.4 %   8.6 %
  Average sales per effective restaurant   $ 300   $ 280  
    Percent increase     7.1 %   4.5 %

9


        The following table summarizes IHOP's restaurant development and franchising activity:

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,

 
 
  2004
  2003
 
 
  (Unaudited)

 
RESTAURANT DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY          
IHOP-beginning of period   1,165   1,103  
  New openings          
    IHOP-developed   1   17  
    Franchisee-developed(a)   2   3  
    Area license   3    
   
 
 
      Total new openings   6   20  
  Closings          
    Company and franchise   (7 ) (5 )
    Area license      
   
 
 
IHOP-end of period   1,164   1,118  
   
 
 
Summary-end of period          
  Franchise(a)   988   901  
  Company   31   80  
  Area license(a)   145   137  
   
 
 
      Total IHOP   1,164   1,118  
   
 
 
RESTAURANT FRANCHISING ACTIVITY          
IHOP-developed   2   11  
Franchisee-developed(a)   2   3  
Rehabilitated and refranchised   9   1  
   
 
 
      Total restaurants franchised   13   15  
Reacquired by IHOP     (2 )
Closed   (4 ) (2 )
   
 
 
      Net addition   9   11  
   
 
 


Forward-Looking Statements

        The following discussion and analysis provides information we believe is relevant to an assessment and understanding of IHOP's consolidated results of operations and financial condition. The discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto. Certain forward-looking statements are contained in this report. They use such words as "may," "will," "expect," "believe," "plan," or other similar terminology. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results to be materially different than those expressed or implied in such statements. These factors include, but are not limited to: risks associated with the implementation of the Company's strategic growth plan; the ability to continue to attract qualified franchisees; availability of suitable locations and terms for the sites designated for development; legislation and government regulation, including the ability to obtain satisfactory regulatory approvals; conditions beyond IHOP's control such as weather, natural disasters

10



or acts of war or terrorism; availability and cost of materials and labor; cost and availability of capital; competition; continuing acceptance of the International House of Pancakes brand and concept by guests and franchisees; IHOP's overall marketing, operational and financial performance; economic and political conditions; adoption of new, or changes in, accounting policies and practices and other factors discussed from time to time in our press releases, public statements and/or filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Forward-looking information is provided by us pursuant to the safe harbor established under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and should be evaluated in the context of these factors. In addition, we disclaim any intent or obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

        This information should be read in conjunction with consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003.

General

        In January 2003, we announced significant changes in the way we conduct our business. These changes included a transition from Company-financed restaurant development (the "Old Model") to a more traditional franchise development model, in which franchisees finance and develop new restaurants (the "New Model"). It was the Company's intention to complete the transition from Company development to franchisee development by the end of 2003. Due to construction delays, we expect to complete the development and franchising of the final four restaurants under the Old Model in 2004.

Franchising

        Our franchising activities in each of the quarters ended March 31, 2004 and 2003 included both Company financed and franchisee financed development. For clarity of presentation, the discussion below is separated between those activities specific to the Old Model and those which apply to the New Model.

Old Model

        Under the Old Model, when we develop a restaurant we identify the site for the new restaurant, purchase the site or lease it from a third party, and build the restaurant and equip it with all required equipment. We select and train the franchisee and supervisory personnel who will operate the restaurant. In addition, we typically finance approximately 80% of the franchise fee, and lease the restaurant and equipment to the franchisee. In accordance with GAAP, the equipment lease between the Company and the franchisee is treated as a sale in our financial statements. After the franchisee is operating the restaurant, we provide continuing support with respect to operations, marketing and new product development.

        Our involvement in the development of new restaurants allows IHOP to charge a core franchise fee and development and financing fees totaling $200,000 to $550,000. In addition, we derive income from the financing of the core franchise fee and development and financing fees, and the leasing of property and equipment to franchisees. However, we also incur obligations in the development, franchising and start-up operations of the new restaurants.

        The franchisee typically pays approximately 20% of the initial franchise fee in cash, and we finance the remaining amount over five to eight years. We also receive continuing revenues from the franchisee as follows: (1) a royalty equal to 4.5% of the restaurant's sales; (2) income from the leasing of the restaurant property and related equipment; (3) revenue from the sale of certain proprietary products, primarily pancake mixes; (4) a local advertising fee equal to about 2% of the restaurant's sales, which is

11



usually collected by IHOP and then paid to a local advertising cooperative; and (5) a national advertising fee equal to 1% of the restaurant's sales. In some cases, we have agreed to accept reduced royalties for a period of time from franchisees in order to assist them in establishing their businesses, where business conditions justify it.

New Model

        Under the New Model, IHOP's approach to franchising is similar to that of most franchising systems in the foodservice industry. Franchisees can undertake individual store development or multi-store development. Under the single store development program, the franchisee is required to pay a non-refundable location fee of $15,000. If the proposed site is approved for development, the location fee of $15,000 is credited against an initial franchise fee of $50,000. The franchisee then uses his or her own capital and financial resources to acquire the site, build and equip the business and fund working capital needs.

        In addition to offering franchises for individual restaurants, the Company offers multi-store development agreements for certain qualified franchisees. These multi-store development agreements provide franchisees with an exclusive right to develop new IHOP restaurants in designated geographic territories for a specified period of time. Multi-store developers are required to develop and operate a specified number of restaurants according to an agreed upon development schedule. Multi-store developers are required to pay a development fee of $20,000 for each restaurant to be developed under a multi-store development agreement. Additionally, for each store which is actually developed, the franchise developer must pay an initial franchise fee of $40,000 against which the development fee of $20,000 is credited. The number of stores and the schedule of stores to be developed under multi-store development agreements is negotiated on an agreement by agreement basis. With respect to restaurants developed under the New Model, the Company receives continuing revenues from the franchisee as follows: (1) a royalty equal to 4.5% of the restaurant's sales; (2) revenue from the sale of certain proprietary products, primarily pancake mixes; (3) a local advertising fee equal to about 2% of the restaurant's sales, which is usually paid to a local advertising cooperative; and (4) a national advertising fee equal to 1% of the restaurant's sales.

        The following table represents our development commitments as of March 31, 2004.

 
   
  Scheduled Opening of Restaurants by
 
  Number of Signed
Agreements at 3/31/04

  Remainder of
2004

  2005
  2006
  2007 and
thereafter

  Total
Single-store development agreements   24   15   9   0   0   24
Multi-store development agreements   33   23   32   28   114   197
   
 
 
 
 
 
    57   38   41   28   114   221
   
 
 
 
 
 

Same-Store Sales

        Beginning in the second quarter of 2003, IHOP changed its methodology for calculating same-store sales from a 12-month basis to an 18-month basis. Under the new methodology, we compare quarter over quarter retail sales of restaurants which have been open continuously for 18 months or more. Prior year information has been restated for ease of comparison. The Company believes this provides a more accurate view of its system's performance by excluding the impact of high sales levels typically seen during the first months of operations at new restaurants. All same-store sales information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is presented using the 18-month methodology.

12



Comparison of the fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2004 and 2003

        IHOP's fiscal first quarter ends on the Sunday nearest to March 31 of each year. For convenience, we report the fiscal first quarters as ending on March 31. Each of the quarters ended March 31, 2004 and 2003 was comprised of 13 weeks (91 days).

System-Wide Retail Sales

        System-wide retail sales include the sales of all IHOP restaurants as reported to IHOP by its franchisees, area licensees and Company-operated restaurants. System-wide retail sales grew by 12.4% or $51.5 million to $465.3 million in the first quarter of 2004 over the same period in 2003. The growth in system-wide sales was primarily due to an increase in the number of effective restaurants and a 7.1% increase in same-store sales. "Effective restaurants" are the number of restaurants in operation in a given fiscal period, adjusted to account for restaurants in operation for only a portion of the fiscal period. Effective restaurants grew by 5.4% from 1,104 to 1,164 in the first quarter of 2004 over the same period in the prior year due to new restaurant development. The increase in same-store sales was primarily attributable to limited time promotions and improved operations of our restaurants.

        For the twelve months ending December 31, 2004, we expect system-wide sales to be in the range of $1.8 billion to $1.9 billion. System-wide sales growth is expected to be driven by the annualized effect of new restaurant openings in 2003, expected new restaurant openings in 2004 and expected improvement in same-store sales. In addition, the anticipated increase in system-wide sales will be due in part to the benefit of a 53rd week in fiscal 2004. We utilize a weekly fiscal calendar to close our books. In order to align our fiscal quarter end to the calendar quarter, we utilize a 53-week fiscal calendar approximately every six years to account for this required adjustment. As such, we will record an additional week of retail sales in fiscal 2004.

Franchise Operations

        Franchise revenues are the revenues received by IHOP from its franchisees and area licensees and include royalties, sales of proprietary products, advertising fees and core franchise fees (core franchise fees are the portion of total franchise fees allocable to the license to franchisees to use the Company's intellectual property). Franchise revenues grew by 15.8% from $33.8 million in the first quarter 2003 to $39.1 million in the same period in 2004. Franchise revenues grew primarily due to an increase in franchise restaurant retail sales of 15.7% from $355.7 million in the first quarter of 2003 to $411.6 million in the same period in 2004. The increase in franchise restaurant retail sales was primarily due to a 9.9% increase in the number of effective franchise restaurants from 891 in the first quarter in 2003 to 979 in the same period in 2004 and a 6.8% increase in same-store sales from the first quarter in 2003 to the same period in 2004.

        Franchise expenses consist primarily of advertising and the cost of proprietary products, which are variable in nature and are expected to fluctuate with franchise revenues. Franchise expenses increased by 18.8% to $18.3 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $15.4 million in the same period in 2003. The increase in franchise expenses was primarily a result of the increase in franchise revenues mentioned above.

        Franchise operations profit increased by 13.3% from $18.4 million in the first quarter of 2003 to $20.8 million in the same period in 2004. For the twelve months ending December 31, 2004, franchise operations segment profit is expected to increase slightly. The increase will be due to increased sales expected at franchise restaurants from annualized restaurant growth in 2003 and new development in 2004. Franchise operations margin is expected to decline slightly in 2004 primarily due to lower royalty rates from recently refranchised restaurants and lower core franchise fees due to a decrease in the number of restaurants that we expect to franchise.

13



Rental Operations

        Rental revenue includes rental income from operating leases and interest income from direct financing leases. Rental revenues increased by 14.4% to $32.4 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $28.3 million in the same period in 2003. The increase in rental income is associated with an increase in the number of operating leases associated with new restaurants. In addition, rental income under most leases is tied to retail sales of the restaurants, and accordingly the increase is also partially due to improved same-store sales.

        Rental expenses consist primarily of rental expense associated with operating leases and interest expense on direct financing leases. Rental expenses increased by 17.2% to $23.4 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $20.0 million in the same period in 2003. The increase in rental costs is associated with an increase in the number of operating leases associated with new restaurants.

        Rental operations profit increased by 7.7% from $8.3 million in the first quarter of 2003 to $9.0 million in the same period in 2004. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, rental operations segment profit is expected to increase slightly primarily due to the anticipated increase in the number of operating leases associated with the refranchising of Company-operated restaurants and the effect of restaurant openings in 2003.

Company Restaurant Operations

        Company restaurant operations revenues are retail sales to guests at restaurants operated by IHOP. Company restaurant operations revenues decreased by 46.4% to $10.6 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $19.7 million in the same period in 2003. The decrease in revenue is primarily due to a 46.1% decrease in the number of effective IHOP-operated restaurants from 76 in the first quarter of 2003 to 41 in the first quarter of 2004. "Effective restaurants" are the number of restaurants open in a given fiscal period, adjusted to account for restaurants open for only a portion of the period.

        Company restaurant expenses include primarily food, labor and benefits, incentives, utilities, rent and other real estate related costs. Company restaurant expenses decreased by 42.8% to $12.0 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $20.9 million in the same period of 2003. The decrease in Company restaurant expenses was primarily attributable to the decrease in the number of IHOP-operated restaurants.

        Company restaurant operations loss was $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2004, or 13.5% higher than the loss of $1.2 million in the same period in 2003. For the twelve months ending December 31, 2004, the loss on Company operations is expected to be substantially reduced due to the decrease in the number of IHOP-operated restaurants as a result of our refranchising efforts. We have also established a separate management team exclusively for IHOP-operated restaurants. The new Company operations management team is charged with improving revenue and profitability through better overall operational execution.

Financing Operations

        Financing operations revenues consist of the portion of franchise fees not allocated to the Company's intellectual property, revenues from the sale of restaurant equipment and interest income from the financing of franchise fee and equipment leases. Financing operations revenues decreased by 19.7% to $9.8 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $12.2 million in the same period in 2003. The decrease in revenues was primarily due to a decrease in the number of transactions for which we received development and financing fees. In the first quarter of 2004, we franchised two restaurants as compared with eleven restaurants in the same period in 2003. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in interest income from franchise and equipment notes associated with restaurants franchised in 2003.

14



        Financing operations costs and expenses are primarily the cost of restaurant equipment and interest expense not associated with capital leases. Financing operations costs and expenses decreased by 23.7% to $5.2 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $6.8 million in the first quarter of 2003.

        Financing operations profit decreased by 14.7% to $4.6 million in the first quarter of 2004 from $5.4 million in the same period of 2003. For the twelve months ending December 31, 2004, financing operations profit is expected to decrease significantly due to the planned reduction in the number of units for which we will receive development and financing fees. In 2003, the Company developed and franchised 56 restaurants for which it received development and franchising fees. It is expected that in 2004, the number of transactions for which such fees will be received will decline to four. The reduction of development and financing fees will lead to a profit decline in this segment. This will be partially offset by increased interest income from restaurants developed in 2003.

General and Administrative Expenses

        General and administrative expenses increased $1.4 million, or 11.2%, from $12.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2003 to $13.6 million in the same period of 2004. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to normal increases in salaries and wages and additional costs associated with the new initiatives in the areas of Marketing, Operations, Training, Research and Development, and Information Technology.

        For the twelve months ending December 31, 2004, we expect that general and administrative expenses will be between $53 million and $58 million.

Other Expense, Net

        Other expense, net, decreased by $0.4 million or 18.8%, from $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2003 to $1.9 million in the same period in 2004.

Reorganization Charges

        In January 2003, the Company adopted a new operating model, moving from Company-developed and financed restaurant growth to franchisee-financed development. As a result, first quarter 2003 financial results were impacted by certain transition and reorganization charges. In the first quarter of 2003, we incurred $6.7 million in reorganization charges. Of these expenses, $5.5 million were related to the write-off of development costs associated with potential sites that we are no longer going to develop as a result of the adoption of our new business model. In addition, we incurred $1.2 million in management consulting, legal fees, severance costs and other expenses. There were no reorganization charges in the first quarter of 2004.

Provision for Income Taxes

        The Company's effective tax rate was 37.5% for both the first quarters of 2004 and 2003.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

        In the first quarter of 2004, cash and cash equivalents increased by $4.5 million or 16.0% from $28.0 million as of December 31, 2003 to $32.5 million as of March 31, 2004. The Company ended the period with $32.5 million in total cash and cash equivalents and $53.5 million in liquid investments.

        Cash provided by operating activities in the first quarter of 2004 totaled $20.3 million and resulted primarily from net income of $10.9 million and other balance sheet changes of $9.4 million.

        In the first quarter of 2004, we opened one IHOP-developed restaurant. We funded total capital additions of $4.3 million, which included the cost of the newly-opened restaurant, new equipment for existing restaurants, remodels of existing restaurants, restaurants under construction, and other capital

15



expenditures. This amount is down significantly from the $27.3 million invested for these purposes in the first quarter of 2003.

        In 2004, capital expenditures are expected to be approximately $10 million to $15 million. These capital expenditures include costs associated with the development of four restaurants under the "Old Model," the development of new IHOP-operated restaurants in Cincinnati, Ohio and continued investment in information technology.

        In January 2003, our Board of Directors approved an increase in our stock repurchase program that permits the purchase of up to 2.6 million shares. During the first quarter of 2004, we repurchased approximately 115,000 shares of common stock under our stock repurchase program at an aggregate cost of $4.2 million. Depending on market conditions and other factors, these purchases may be commenced or suspended at any time or from time to time without prior notice.

        The Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") has proposed adjustments in connection with its routine examination of the Company's 2000 and 2001 federal income tax returns. The proposed adjustments would accelerate the tax years in which the Company reports initial franchise fee income for federal income tax purposes. If the IRS is successful, the Company would be required to report additional income for its 2000 tax year of approximately $45.2 million and additional income for its 2001 tax year of approximately $4.8 million. The Company's federal income tax liability with respect to the proposed adjustments, exclusive of interest, penalties and any related state tax liability, would be approximately $15.8 million for 2000 and $1.7 million for 2001. The Company is currently contesting the proposed adjustments through IRS administrative proceedings. In addition, if the IRS is successful, the Company would report additional income for its 2002 and 2003 tax years. The Company estimates that its federal income tax liability with respect to such additional income, exclusive of interest, penalties and related state tax liability, would be approximately $2.0 million for each of 2002 and 2003.

        For the tax years under audit, and potentially for subsequent tax years, such proposed adjustments could result in material cash payments by the Company. The Company had previously recorded in its consolidated financial statements the expected federal and state deferred income tax liability. The proposed adjustments relate only to the timing of when the taxes are paid. Although the Company cannot determine at this time the resolution of this matter, we do not believe that the proposed adjustments, if upheld, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

        We expect to fund our liquidity needs, including operating expenses, capital expenditures, the repayment of long-term debt and capital lease obligations, stock repurchases and required income tax payments, from a combination of existing cash balances, liquid investments, cash flows from operating activities and principal receipts from notes and equipment contracts receivable. In 2004, we expect cash from operations of $50 million to $55 million, and principal receipts from notes and equipment contracts receivable of $17 million to $22 million.

        As an additional source of liquidity, we have a $25 million line of credit which expires in May 2005. Borrowings under the revolving line of credit agreement bear interest at the bank's reference rate (prime) or, at IHOP's option, at the bank's quoted rate or at a Eurodollar rate. There was no balance outstanding under this agreement at March 31, 2004 nor were there any borrowings under the agreement during the quarter.

Critical Accounting Policies

        We prepare our Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires senior management to make estimates, assumptions and subjective or complex judgments that are inherently uncertain and may significantly impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Changes in the estimates, assumptions and judgments affecting the

16



application of these policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or using different assumptions. We consider the following policies to be most critical in understanding the judgments that are involved in preparing our Consolidated Financial Statements.

        We regularly evaluate our long-lived assets for impairment at the individual restaurant level. Restaurant assets are evaluated for impairment on a quarterly basis or whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of a restaurant may not be recoverable. We consider factors such as the number of years the restaurant has been operated by the Company, sales trends, cash flow trends, remaining lease life, and other factors which may apply on a case by case basis. These impairment evaluations require an estimation of cash flows over the remaining useful life of the asset.

        Recoverability of a restaurant's assets is measured by comparing the carrying value of the assets, to the undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated over the remaining useful life of the asset. If the total expected undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the asset, the carrying amount is written down to the estimated fair value, and a loss resulting from impairment is recognized by a charge to earnings. The fair value is determined by discounting the future cash flows based on our cost of capital.

        From time to time, the Company may elect to close certain Company-operated restaurants. Typically such decisions are based on operating performance or strategic considerations. In these instances, we reserve, or write-off, the full carrying value of these restaurants as impaired.

        Periodically, the Company will reacquire a previously franchised restaurant. At the time of reacquisition, the franchise will be recorded at the lower of (1) the sum of the franchise receivables and costs of reacquisition, or (2) the estimated net realizable value. The net realizable value of a reacquired franchise is based on the Company's average five-year historical franchise resale value. If the reacquisition value exceeds the historical resale value, an impairment loss will be recognized equal to the amount of the excess. The historical resale value used for each restaurant in the first quarter of 2004 was $220,000.

        Judgments and estimates made by the Company related to long-lived assets are affected by factors such as economic conditions, changes in franchise historical resale values, and changes in operating performance. As the Company assesses the ongoing expected cash flows and carrying value of its long-lived assets, these factors could cause the Company to realize impairment charges.

        We are self-insured for a significant portion of our employee health and workers' compensation obligations. The Company maintains stop-loss coverage with third party insurers to limit its total exposure. The accrued liability associated with these programs is based on our estimate of the ultimate costs to be incurred to settle known claims and claims incurred but not reported as of the balance sheet date. Our estimated liability is not discounted and is based on a number of assumptions and factors, including historical trends, actuarial assumptions and economic conditions. If actual trends, including the severity or frequency of claims, differ from our estimates, our financial results could be impacted.

        IHOP's revenues and expenses are recorded in four categories: franchise operations, rental operations, Company restaurant operations and financing operations.

        The Franchise Operations segment consists primarily of royalty revenues, advertising fees, sales of proprietary products (primarily pancake mix) and the portion of the franchise fees allocated to the Company's intellectual property. Rental revenue includes revenue from operating leases and interest

17



income from direct financing leases. Company restaurant sales are retail sales at IHOP-operated restaurants. The Financing Operations segment consists of the portion of the franchise fees not allocated to the Company's intellectual property, sales of equipment, as well as interest income from the financing of franchise fees and equipment leases.

        Royalty revenues and advertising fees, which are based on franchisee retail sales, are recorded when earned in accordance with franchise agreements. Revenues from the sales of proprietary products (primarily pancake mix) are recorded when shipped. Fees from development agreements are deferred until restaurants under the agreement are open. Upon restaurant opening, fees received from development agreements are reflected as franchise fee revenue. The portion of franchise fees allocated to the Company's intellectual property is also recorded as revenue upon restaurant opening. Rental revenue from operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the leases. Interest income from direct financing leases is recognized as revenue when earned. The portion of franchise fees not allocated to the Company's intellectual property and revenue from the sales of equipment is recognized upon restaurant opening. Interest income from the financing of franchise fees and equipment leases is recognized when earned. Revenue from retail sales by Company-operated restaurants is recognized on a cash basis.

        Revenue recognition involves uncertainties and other factors, which may cause future results to be materially different. These factors include, but are not limited to: risks associated with the implementation of the Company's new strategic growth plan; the ability to continue to attract qualified franchisees; the terms of the sites designated for development; competition; continuing acceptance of the International House of Pancakes brand and concepts by guests and franchisees; IHOP's overall marketing, operational and financial performance; economic and political conditions; adoption of new, or changes in, accounting policies and practices.

        We estimate certain components of our provision for income taxes. These estimates include, but are not limited to, effective state and local income tax rates, allowable tax credits for items such as work opportunity tax credits, FICA taxes paid on reported tip income, and estimates related to depreciation expense allowable for tax purposes. Our estimates are made based on the best available information at the time that we prepare the provision. All tax returns are subject to audit within the statute of limitations by the federal and state governments, and could be subject to differing interpretations of the tax laws.

New Accounting Pronouncements

        In January 2003, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued FIN 46, "Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities." FIN 46 establishes a new and far-reaching consolidation accounting model. Although FIN 46 was initially focused on special purpose entities, the applicability of FIN 46 goes beyond such entities and can have applicability to franchise arrangements, regardless of whether the Company has voting or ownership control of the franchises. In response to a number of comment letters and implementation questions, in December 2003 the FASB issued FIN 46R, which delayed the effective date of FIN 46 for certain entities until March 31, 2004, and provided clarification regarding franchise considerations and other implementation issues.

        IHOP believes that it qualifies for the Scope Exception For Certain Enterprises That Are Unable To Obtain Information contained in FIN 46R. IHOP believes it has, and continues to make, exhaustive efforts to obtain sufficient information from its franchisees who may qualify as variable interest entities. However, IHOP does not currently have the information necessary to (a) determine whether the entity is a variable interest entity, (b) determine whether IHOP is the primary beneficiary, or (c) perform the accounting required to consolidate the entity.

18




Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

        There were no material changes from the information contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K as of December 31, 2003.


Item 4. Controls and Procedures

19



Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1—Legal Proceedings

        The Company is a party to certain litigation arising in the ordinary course of business which, in the opinion of management, should not have a material adverse effect upon either the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations.

        In February 2004, Darden Corporation and GMRI, Inc., the owners and operators of the chain of Olive Garden restaurants, have filed a civil action for trademark infringement and unfair competition against IHOP Corp. and its subsidiary International House of Pancakes, Inc. in U.S. District Court, Middle District of Florida, Orlando Division. The plaintiffs claim rights to the advertising phrase "Never Ending Pasta Bowl," and assert that IHOP's use of "Never Ending Pancakes" and "Never Ending Popcorn Shrimp" violates their rights. At present, discovery has recently been initiated and IHOP intends to vigorously contest the claims.


Item 2—Changes in Securities, Use of Proceeds and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Period

  Total Number of
Shares Purchased

  Average Price
Paid per Share

  Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs(a)

  Maximum Number
of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans
or Programs(b)

January 1, 2004-January 31, 2004           2,029,310
February 1, 2004-February 29, 2004           2,029,310
March 1, 2004-March 31, 2004   115,000   $ 36.27   115,000   1,914,310
   
 
 
 
  Total   115,000   $ 36.27   115,000   1,914,310
   
 
 
 


Item 3—Defaults Upon Senior Securities

        None


Item 4—Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

        None


Item 5—Other Information

        On April 12, 2004, the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors dismissed PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as the Company's independent accountant. The reports of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP on our financial statements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2002 and 2003 did not contain an adverse opinion or a disclaimer of opinion, nor were such reports qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope or accounting principle. We engaged Ernst & Young LLP as the Company's independent accountant on April 15, 2004.

20



Item 6—Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K.


3.1   Restated Certificate of Incorporation of IHOP Corp. (Exhibit 3.1 to IHOP Corp.'s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2002) is incorporated herein by reference.

3.2

 

Bylaws of IHOP Corp. (Exhibit 3.2 to IHOP Corp.'s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2002) is incorporated herein by reference.

3.3

 

Amendment to the bylaws of IHOP Corp. dated November 14, 2000 (Exhibit 3.3 to IHOP Corp.'s Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2001) is incorporated herein by reference.

11.0

 

Statement Regarding Computation of Per Share Earnings.

31.1

 

Certification of CEO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

31.2

 

Certification of CFO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

32.1

 

Certification of CEO pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2

 

Certification of CFO pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

21


SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

    IHOP Corp.
    (Registrant)

 

 

 

 

 
May 3, 2004
(Date)
  BY:   /s/  JULIA A. STEWART      
President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 
May 3, 2004
(Date)
      /s/  THOMAS CONFORTI      
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

22




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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

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Exhibit 11.0


IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
STATEMENT REGARDING COMPUTATION OF PER SHARE EARNINGS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,

 
  2004
  2003
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE BASIC            
  Weighted average shares outstanding     21,406     21,313
 
Net income available to common shareholders

 

$

10,910

 

$

5,963
 
Net income per share—basic

 

$

0.51

 

$

0.28

NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE DILUTED

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Weighted average shares outstanding     21,406     21,313

Net effect of dilutive stock options based on the treasury stock method using the average market price

 

 

207

 

 

130
   
 

Total

 

 

21,613

 

 

21,443
   
 
 
Net income available to common shareholders

 

$

10,910

 

$

5,963
 
Net income per share—diluted

 

$

0.50

 

$

0.28



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IHOP CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENT REGARDING COMPUTATION OF PER SHARE EARNINGS (In thousands, except per share data) (Unaudited)

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Exhibit 31.1


Certification Pursuant to
Rule 13a-14(a) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, As Amended

        I, Julia A. Stewart, President and Chief Executive Officer of IHOP Corp., certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of IHOP Corp.;

2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:

(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(c)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 3, 2004    

 

 

/s/ Julia A. Stewart

Julia A. Stewart
President and Chief Executive Officer



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Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, As Amended

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Exhibit 31.2


Certification Pursuant to
Rule 13a-14(a) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, As Amended

        I, Thomas Conforti, Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of IHOP Corp.;

2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:

(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(c)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(d)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(e)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 3, 2004    

 

 

/s/ Thomas Conforti

Thomas Conforti
Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)



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Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, As Amended

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Exhibit 32.1


Certification Pursuant to
18 U.S.C. Section 1350,
As Adopted Pursuant to
Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of IHOP Corp. (the "Company") for the quarter ended March 31, 2004, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 3, 2004, (the "Report"), Julia A. Stewart, as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of her knowledge:

        (1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

        (2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and result of operations of the Company.

Date: May 3, 2004   /s/ Julia A. Stewart
Julia A. Stewart
President and Chief Executive Officer

This certification accompanies the Report pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not, except to the extent required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.




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Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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Exhibit 32.2


Certification Pursuant to
18 U.S.C. Section 1350,
As Adopted Pursuant to
Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of IHOP Corp. (the "Company") for the quarter ended March 31, 2004, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 3, 2004, (the "Report"), Thomas Conforti, as Chief Financial Officer of the Company, hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of his knowledge:

        (1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

        (2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and result of operations of the Company.

Date: May 3, 2004   /s/ Thomas Conforti
Thomas Conforti
Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)

This certification accompanies the Report pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not, except to the extent required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.




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Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, As Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002